Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is the most common metabolic disorder during pregnancy characterized by the development of glucose intolerance or when it is first detected during pregnancy. This diabetes is associated with a high risk of fetal and maternal complications such as preeclampsia and eclampsia in the mother, malformations, macrosomia (excessive fetus size for gestational age), shoulder dystocia and hypoglycemia in the newborn, among others. Its prevalence has increased in the last years due to the increase in the number of pregnant women with risk factors such as: obesity, maternal age equal to or greater than (≥) 35 years old, chronic hypertension, and family history of diabetes mellitus.
GDM usually disappears after childbirth. Approximately 70% of women develop type 2 diabetes, while the risk of obesity and Type 2 diabetes for the baby increases by 60%.
GDMpredictTM is the first non-invasive genetic analysis that assesses the risk of developing GDM. This test simultaneously analyzes 20 genetic variants involved in the risk of developing the disease, obesity, folic acid and vitamin B12 deficiency. The risk curve for the development of GDM during pregnancy is established based on a mathematical algorithm that integrates the different statistical weight of each variant, family history, and anthropometric data of the patient.
The test is especially indicated for women who wish to assess the risk of GDM within their overall reproductive health plan or who are in the first weeks of pregnancy and have at least one of the following risk factors:
• Maternal age ≥ 35 years old.
• Overweight or obesity (BMI > 25).
• Family history of type II diabetes.
• Women who developed gestational diabetes in the previous pregnancy (ies).
• High blood pressure.
• Polycystic ovary syndrome.
• History of preeclampsia.
• Guaranteed by the experience of the Synlab Group, the absolute European leader in laboratory diagnosis.
• Objective and detailed results report.
• Informed Consent
• Clinical Questionnaire
• No fasting is required for this exam